Products of Birla Sugar

Products of Birla Sugar

Products of Birla Sugar

Tea

The Company has a Tea Estate by the name of “Cinnatolliah Tea Garden” spread over an area of 746 hectares at North Lakhimpur, Assam. The Tea Garden mainly produces CTC teas.

Tea

The three main species of tea are as follows :
1) Camellia Sinensis (Chinese Variety)
2) Camellia Sinensis Assamica (Assam Variety)
3) Camellia Sinensis Cambodiensis (Cambodian Variety)

Conditions required for Tea Plantation
  • Average annual temperature of around 18°C. Temperature beyond 39°C or below 4°C is however undesirable.
  • Average daily sunshine of around 4 hours.
  • Soil should be moisture retentive, but not water-logged.
  • Soil PH should range between 5.0 and 5.6
Procedures involved in the manufacture of Tea
Plucking

The young leaves are carefully plucked from the top most portion of the tea bush. The young shoots are key to quality tea.

Withering

The plucked leaves are then brought to the Factory where it is spread on the withering troughs. By using fans to blow hot and cold air the moisture in the leaf is reduced. Withering takes about 14 to 16 hours.

Processing

The withered leaves are then passed through a Rotorvane where the leaves are raptured, thus pre-conditioning the leaves. It is then passed through CTC machine where the leaves are cut thrice by the rollers.

Fermenting

Oxidation takes place which could last for 1 hour to 1 hour 30 minutes depending upon the climatic condition. During fermentation the crushed green leaves changes its colour to coppery-red in colour.

Drying

Fermentation is arrested by drying, where the fermented leaves are fed into the dryer in a manner where the temperature varies from 120°C to 128°C. The time taken for drying is around 20 minutes. The tea turns black in colour.

Sorting

The black teas are then sorted by passing through sorting machines where meshes are used of various sizes. Different grades are obtained from different mesh sizes.

Packing

The Graded teas are then packed in poly liners which are then put into Jute bags and stitched to prevent any air from entering the bags.